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MRITSHILPA is the oldest small scale industry among other industries in the Ancient Indian History. In past history, people used to use Earthen Product from ancient times and the practice is still exists among the modern people.

Pottery Industry is gaining its popularity and prosperity with the skillfulness of artisans and Crafts persons in this modern era of industrialization in West Bengal. Krishnagar, Nadia is all time famous all over the world in MRITSHILPA. It’s the pride of Bengal.

15% of people in Nadia District in West Bengal are involved and fully engaged in MRITSHIPA Industry. 11% people in Nadia are involved with this Industry.


In India, Mritshilpa traditions are found from the earliest times. The remains of archaeological findings suggest that the artists of terracotta art in India had high degree of skill even during the in Neolithic ages. The archaeological finds at Bengal have proved that the same degree of skill and excellence were achieved by Bengal potters too in those remote past days. The traditional folk art of terracotta, particularly of Bengal, is considered exceptional and best in the world. Mritshilpa Sculpture and Murals are Bengal’s own wealth.


A large number of Mritshilpa artisans working for mritshilpa show the true artistic feeling and skill through their handwork. The traditional potters had been working on their wheels and had been turning out numerous items of clay products to cater to domestic and religious needs of the community. The clay used is generally a blend of two to three clays found in river beds, pits and ditches. More often than not the fuel used is one of the local resources available in the form of twigs, dry leaves or firewood. The kilns where the clay pots are baked are operated at temperatures between 700 -800 degrees Celsius. There has not been much change in the techniques, but they have been able to satisfy the growing needs of the people and enjoyed a very respectable place in the village community.

In order to cater to the commercial requirements of the modern global market, the village potter is often combining the traditional rural abstractions with refined urban tastes to show pieces of terracotta art. Terracotta is found mainly in mainstream lifestyle in rural parts of West Bengal. Domestic pottery is still being produced in various shapes and sizes, and is inseparable from any Indian scene. Large figurines of gods and goddesses generate a lot of income for these families. Nowadays the skilled artists and potters make different products like faces, men, wall hangings and also the mini sized dolmades cannon.

Project on Mritshilpa at Birnagar Municipality with a Total Project Cost of Rs. 120.82 lakhs, Employment – 563Nos.

Facilities Provided: Soft Intervention, Common Production Centre will be developed.